strain meaning

[ strein ] Pronunciation:   "strain" in a sentence
  • Verb: strain  streyn
    1. To exert much effort or energy
      "straining our ears to hear"
      - strive, reach 
    2. Test the limits of
      - try, stress 
    3. Use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity
      "Don't strain your mind too much"
      - extend 
    4. Separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements
      - sift, sieve 
    5. Cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
      - tense, tense up 
    6. Become stretched or tense or taut
      "the rope strained when the weight was attached"
      - tense 
    7. Remove by passing through a filter
      - filter, filtrate, separate out, filter out 
    8. Rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
      - puree, purée 
    9. Alter the shape of (something) by stress
      - deform, distort
    Noun: strain  streyn
    1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces 
    2. Difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
      "she endured the stresses and strains of life"
      - stress 
    3. A succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
      - tune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrase 
    4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
      "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
      - mental strain, nervous strain 
    5. A special variety of domesticated animals within a species
      "he created a new strain of sheep"
      - breed, stock 
    6. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
      "a new strain of microorganisms"
      - form, variant, var. 
    7. Injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain 
    8. The general meaning or substance of an utterance
      - tenor 
    9. An effortful attempt to attain a goal
      - striving, nisus, pains 
    10. An intense or violent exertion
      - straining 
    11. The act of singing
      - song

    Derived forms: strains, straining, strained

    See also: strainer, strenuous

    Type of: affect, afflict, animal group, apply, attempt, deformation, difficulty, drive, effort, elbow grease, employ, endeavor [US], endeavour [Brit, Cdn], exertion, form, harm, hurt, injury, labor [US], labour [Brit, Cdn], meaning, music [archaic], nerves, nervousness, push, rub, separate, shape, substance, sweat, taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group, tighten, trauma, travail, try, tug, use, utilise [Brit], utilize, variety, vocal music

    Antonym: unstrain

    Part of: species

    Encyclopedia: Strain

  • [Architecture]

    A change in the form or shape of a body or material which is subjected to an external force.

  • [Electronics]
    A force that compresses or squeezes a body. Compare TENSION,
    strain gauge See ELECTRIC STRAIN GAUGE.

  • [Mechanics]
    "Change in length of an object in some direction per unit undistorted length in some direction, not necessarily the same, the nine possible strains form a second-rank tensor."

  • [Medicine]
    A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature. n : a group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usu. not morphological distinctions ‹a highly virulent strain of bacteria›
    a : to exert (as oneself) to the utmost
    b : to injure by overuse, misuse, or excessive pressure ‹strained his heart by overwork›
    c : to cause a change of form or size in (a body) by application of external force
    2 : to cause to pass through a strainer
    ¦ vi : to contract the muscles forcefully in attempting to defecate —often used in the phrase strain at stool
    n : an act of straining or the condition of being strained: as
    a : excessive physical or mental tension; also : a force, influence, or factor causing such tension
    b : bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use ‹heart strain›; esp : one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments ‹back strain› —compare SPRAIN
    c : deformation of a material body under the action of applied forces


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  1. red strains of delicious are being planted.
  2. it was a great strain on my resources.
  3. then the orchestra played a quick-step strain.
  4. mr. dashwood's strains were more solemn.
  5. they can grow in all mouse strain.

Related Words

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  2. straightway meaning
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  7. strain after sth meaning
  8. strain at meaning
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