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strain meaning

[ strein ] Pronunciation:   "strain" in a sentence
  • Verb: strain  streyn
    1. To exert much effort or energy
      "straining our ears to hear"
      - strive, reach 
    2. Test the limits of
      - try, stress 
    3. Use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity
      "Don't strain your mind too much"
      - extend 
    4. Separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device to separate out coarser elements
      - sift, sieve 
    5. Cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
      - tense, tense up 
    6. Become stretched or tense or taut
      "the rope strained when the weight was attached"
      - tense 
    7. Remove by passing through a filter
      - filter, filtrate, separate out, filter out 
    8. Rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
      - puree, purée 
    9. Alter the shape of (something) by stress
      - deform, distort
    Noun: strain  streyn
    1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces 
    2. Difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
      "she endured the stresses and strains of life"
      - stress 
    3. A succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
      - tune, melody, air, melodic line, line, melodic phrase 
    4. (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress
      "his responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him"
      - mental strain, nervous strain 
    5. A special variety of domesticated animals within a species
      "he created a new strain of sheep"
      - breed, stock 
    6. (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
      "a new strain of microorganisms"
      - form, variant, var. 
    7. Injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain 
    8. The general meaning or substance of an utterance
      - tenor 
    9. An effortful attempt to attain a goal
      - striving, nisus, pains 
    10. An intense or violent exertion
      - straining 
    11. The act of singing
      - song

    Derived forms: strains, straining, strained

    See also: strainer, strenuous

    Type of: affect, afflict, animal group, apply, attempt, deformation, difficulty, drive, effort, elbow grease, employ, endeavor [US], endeavour [Brit, Cdn], exertion, form, harm, hurt, injury, labor [US], labour [Brit, Cdn], meaning, music [archaic], nerves, nervousness, push, rub, separate, shape, substance, sweat, taxon, taxonomic category, taxonomic group, tighten, trauma, travail, try, tug, use, utilise [Brit], utilize, variety, vocal music

    Antonym: unstrain

    Part of: species

    Encyclopedia: Strain


  • [Architecture]

    A change in the form or shape of a body or material which is subjected to an external force.


  • [Electronics]
    A force that compresses or squeezes a body. Compare TENSION,
    1.
    strain gauge See ELECTRIC STRAIN GAUGE.

  • [Mechanics]
    "Change in length of an object in some direction per unit undistorted length in some direction, not necessarily the same, the nine possible strains form a second-rank tensor."

  • [Medicine]
    A collective term for muscle and ligament injuries without dislocation or fracture. A sprain is a joint injury in which some of the fibers of a supporting ligament are ruptured but the continuity of the ligament remains intact. A strain is an overstretching or overexertion of some part of the musculature. n : a group of presumed common ancestry with clear-cut physiological but usu. not morphological distinctions ‹a highly virulent strain of bacteria›
    2strain
    vt
    1
    a : to exert (as oneself) to the utmost
    b : to injure by overuse, misuse, or excessive pressure ‹strained his heart by overwork›
    c : to cause a change of form or size in (a body) by application of external force
    2 : to cause to pass through a strainer
    ¦ vi : to contract the muscles forcefully in attempting to defecate —often used in the phrase strain at stool
    3strain
    n : an act of straining or the condition of being strained: as
    a : excessive physical or mental tension; also : a force, influence, or factor causing such tension
    b : bodily injury from excessive tension, effort, or use ‹heart strain›; esp : one resulting from a wrench or twist and involving undue stretching of muscles or ligaments ‹back strain› —compare SPRAIN
    c : deformation of a material body under the action of applied forces

Examples

    More:   Next
  1. red strains of delicious are being planted.
  2. it was a great strain on my resources.
  3. then the orchestra played a quick-step strain.
  4. mr. dashwood's strains were more solemn.
  5. they can grow in all mouse strain.

Related Words

  1. straightness meaning
  2. straightway meaning
  3. straightway pump meaning
  4. straightways meaning
  5. straik meaning
  6. strain a point meaning
  7. strain after sth meaning
  8. strain at meaning
  9. strain at gnats and swallow camels meaning
  10. strain at the leash meaning
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