stock meaning

[ stɔk ] Pronunciation:   "stock" in a sentence
Noun: stock  stók
  1. The capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity)
    "he owns a controlling share of the company's stock" 
  2. The merchandise that a shop has on hand
    -
Verb: stock  stók
  1. Have on hand
    - carry, stockpile 
  2. Equip with a stock
    "stock a rifle" 
  3. Supply with fish
    "stock a lake" 
  4. Supply with livestock
    "stock a farm" 
  5. Amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use
    "let's stock coffee as long as prices are low"
    - buy in, stock up 
  6. Provide or furnish with a stock of something
    "stock the larder with meat" 
  7. Put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
    - sprout
Adjective: stock  stók
  1. Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
    "a stock answer"
    - banal, commonplace, hackneyed, old-hat, shopworn [N. Amer], threadbare, timeworn, tired, trite, well-worn, shop-soiled [Brit] 
  2. Routine
    "a stock answer" 
  3. Regularly and widely used or sold
    "a stock item"
    - standard

Derived forms: stocks, stocking, stocked

See also: regular, standard, stocker, stocking, stockist, unoriginal

Type of: accumulation, acquire, animal group, capital, certificate, cravat, develop, equip, eutherian, eutherian mammal, family tree, fit, fit out, flower, furnish, genealogy, get, grip, grow, handgrip, handle, have, have got, hold, lumber, merchandise, outfit, placental, placental mammal, plant part, plant structure, produce, product, provide, render, reputation, repute, security, soup, stalk, stem, supply, support, timber, variety, ware, working capital

Part of: artillery, cue, cue stick, fishing pole, fishing rod, genus Malcolmia, genus Matthiola, gun, handgun, heavy weapon, machine gun, Malcolmia, Matthiola, ordnance, pistol, pool cue, pool stick, shooting iron, side arm, species, whip

Encyclopedia: Stock, Aitken & Waterman Stock, Aitken, and Waterman Stock Stock, Essex Stock, Aitken and Waterman Records Stock, Aitken and Waterman


[Architecture]
1.

Lumber, panels, doors, windows, etc., commonly used and readily available from suppliers.

2.

The principal supporting or holding part; the part in which other parts are inserted, as the body of a tool.

3.

A tool, used in cutting threads for pipes or bolts, which holds the dies.


[Business]
AmE / noun, verb, adjective

noun

ALL-STOCK, AVERAGE STOCK, BUFFER STOCK, BUILD-TO-STOCK, CAPITAL STOCK, CLOSING STOCK, COMMON STOCK, DEBENTURE STOCK, DECLINING STOCK, EX STOCK, GLAMOUR STOCK, GOVERNMENT STOCK, GROWTH STOCK, LOAN STOCK, MAKE-TO-STOCK, NEW STOCK, OPENING STOCK, ORDINARY STOCK, PARTICIPATING PREFERRED STOCK, PARTLY PAID STOCK, PREFERRED STOCK, ROLLING STOCK, SAFETY STOCK, SLEEPER STOCK, SMALL STOCK, SPLIT STOCK, TRACKING STOCK, TRADING STOCK, VALUE STOCK

1 (Commerce ; Production ) [U,C]

the goods that a business has for sale at a particular time:

We have a fast turnover of stock.

That particular model is not currently in stock.

I'm afraid we're temporarily out of stock.

We carry a large stock of office stationery.

The business is for sale at a price in the region of $150 000, plus stock at valuation.

We continually monitor our customers' changing needs and update our stock inventory as required.

SYN INVENTORY

❖ to buy (in)/order/replenish stock

◆ to carry/have/hold/keep stocks (of sth)

◆ to control/get rid of/reduce/run down/sell off stock

2 (Accounting ; Production ) [U,C] (especially BrE)

goods owned by a company, such as raw materials or parts, products being made and finished products:

Just-in-time manufacturing allows firms to reduce their stock levels and so cut storage costs.

The value of unsold stock is shown as a current asset in the financial records.

SYN INVENTORY STOCK-IN-TRADE

❖ to build (up)/maintain/order/replenish/store stock

◆ to control/get rid of/reduce/run down/sell (off) stock

3 [C,U]

a quantity of a particular raw material, product, supply, etc. that is available to be used if needed:

The US had its lowest stock of oil in ten years.

global stocks of cereals/fossil fuels

The government is to sell off surplus stocks of sugar.

The government must control the stock of money in order to prevent inflation.

❖ to build up/maintain/replenish/store stock

◆ to control/reduce/run down/sell (off) stock

4 (Finance ) [U] (especially AmE)

all the shares a company can make available; the value of those shares:

The value of the company's stock has risen by 80%.

He owns 32% of the stock.

He has 10 000 shares of the company's stock.

The family holds almost all the B-class common stock.

SYN CAPITAL STOCK See note at INCREASE, SHARE

❖ to issue/have/hold/own stock

5 (Stock Exchange ) [C, usually pl., U]

a number of shares in a company that one investor holds:

an investment portfolio with a mix of 60% stocks and 40% bonds and cash

Investors should keep buying stocks.

◆ (AmE) to invest in stocks and bonds She sold her large block of stock in the company. See note at SHARE

❖ to buy/have/hold/invest in/sell stocks

6 (Stock Exchange ) [pl.]

the shares of a particular company, type of company or industry:

blue-chip stocks

Technology stocks are expected to gain at tomorrow's open.

The good news sent retail stocks higher. See note at INCREASE, SHARE

❖ to buy/hold/invest in/sell stocks

7 (Finance ) [U,C] (BrE)

a type of bond with a fixed rate of interest that a government sells in order to borrow money:

to buy government stock/stocks

◆ (BrE) to invest in stocks and shares GOVERNMENT SECURITY

❖ to buy/have/hold/invest in/sell (government) stock

IDIOMS

on the stocks

in the process of being made, built or prepared:

The new model is on the stocks and will go on sale in May.

TAKE verb

VOCABULARY BUILDING

Types of stocks

Newspapers often use the word stock [C] to mean the shares of a particular company or industry that are traded on the stock exchange. For example, manufacturing stocks are the shares of companies who manufacture goods. Other examples include:

oil stocks - companies that sell oil

tech stocks - companies that sell computer technology

financial stocks - banks and companies that provide financial advice

insurance stocks - companies that sell insurance

defence stocks - companies that sell weapons

Sometimes an adjective is used with stock to describe the nature of a company's or industry's shares as an investment:

defensive stocks - companies that are safe investments, even if economic conditions are bad (comparedefence stocks)

blue-chip stocks - well-managed companies that are a safe investment

growth stocks - companies that quickly increase in value

volatile stocks - companies that quickly increase and decrease in value

verb [+ obj]

1

(about a shop/store, etc.) to keep a supply of a particular type of goods to sell:

Do you stock green tea?

We stock a wide range of camping equipment.

2 (often be stocked (with sth))

to have a supply of sth ready to be used:

The shelves are fully stocked with fresh produce.

a well-stocked bookstore

PHRASAL VERBS

stock up (on/with sth)

to buy a lot of sth so that you can use it later:

The weather has encouraged consumers to stock up on T-shirts and shorts.

adjective [only before noun]

usually available for sale in a shop/store:

stock sizes


[Economics]
1) In the UK, a fixed-interest security (see gilt-edged security) issued by the government, local authority, or a company in fixed units, often of £100 each in the UK and $1,000 in the USA. They usually have a redemption date on which the par value of the unit price is repaid in full. They are dealt in on stock exchanges at prices that fluctuate, but depend on such factors as their yield in relation to current interest rates and the time they have to run before redemption.

See also:

tap stock.

2) The US name for an ordinary share.

3) The stock-in-trade of an organization.

4) Any collection of assets, e.g. the stock of plant and machinery owned by a company.


[Finance]
Ownership of a corporation indicated by shares, which represent a piece of the corporation's assets and earnings.

Examples

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  1. stock dyeing is used more often than before.
  2. have you any grey pullovers in stock?
  3. the store keeps a large stock of goods for winter sale.
  4. the store keeps a large stock of shoes.
  5. my bank deals in stocks and shares now.

Related Words

  1. stochastically meaning
  2. stochasticity meaning
  3. stochastics index meaning
  4. stochrsi meaning
  5. stocious meaning
  6. stock accounting meaning
  7. stock agent meaning
  8. stock ahead meaning
  9. stock and horn meaning
  10. stock and warrant off-balance sheet r&d (sword) meaning
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