saponin meaning

Pronunciation:   "saponin" in a sentence
Noun: saponin  sapunin
  1. Any of various plant glucosides that form soapy lathers when mixed and agitated with water; used in detergents and foaming agents and emulsifiers

Derived forms: saponins

Type of: glucoside

Encyclopedia: Saponin

Sapogenin glycosides. A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycon moiety,and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose,galactose,a pentose,or a methylpentose. Sapogenins are poisonous towards the lower forms of life and are powerful hemolytics when injected into the blood stream able to dissolve red blood cells at even extreme dilutions. n : any of various mostly toxic glucosides that occur in plants (as soapbark) and are characterized by the property of producing a soapy lather; esp : a hygroscopic amorphous saponin mixture used esp. as a foaming and emulsifying agent and detergent


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  1. on measuring the content of saponin in agrimony aralia elata
  2. effects of stauntoniae saponin on proliferation of cancer cell hl
  3. study on anti-tumor mechanism of crude extractive ginseng saponin rh
  4. saponins of polygalacic acid type from platycodon grandiflorum
  5. extraction and separation of saponins from the acer saccharum leaf

Related Words

  1. saponifiable meaning
  2. saponification meaning
  3. saponification number meaning
  4. saponified meaning
  5. saponify meaning
  6. saponins meaning
  7. saponite meaning
  8. sapor meaning
  9. saporific meaning
  10. saporous meaning
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