reserve meaning

[ ri'zə:v ] Pronunciation:   "reserve" in a sentence
Verb: reserve  ri'zurv
  1. Hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency 
  2. Give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
    - allow, appropriate, earmark, set aside 
  3. Obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance
    "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's" 
  4. Arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
    "reserve me a seat on a flight"
    - hold, book
Noun: reserve  ri'zurv
  1. Formality and propriety of manner
    - modesty 
  2. Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose
    - backlog, stockpile 
  3. An athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
    - substitute, second-stringer 
  4. (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions 
  5. A district that is reserved for particular purpose
    - reservation 
  6. Armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency
    - military reserve 
  7. The trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary
    - reticence, taciturnity

Derived forms: reserving, reserves, reserved

See also: reservation, reservist

Type of: accumulation, administrative district, administrative division, allot, armed forces, armed services, assign, athlete, bespeak, call for, correctitude, indefinite quantity, jock [N. Amer], keep back, military, military machine, portion, properness, propriety, quest, request, territorial division, uncommunicativeness, war machine, withhold

Part of: bench

Encyclopedia: Reserve, LA Reserve, Louisiana Reserve, Kansas Reserve Reserve, KS Reserve, MT Reserve, WI Reserve, Wisconsin Reserve, New Mexico Reserve, Montana Reserve, NM


[Business]
AmE / noun, verb

noun

BAD DEBT RESERVE, BANK RESERVE, CAPITAL REDEMPTION RESERVE, CAPITAL RESERVE, CAPITALIZATION OF RESERVE, CONTINGENCY RESERVE, CURRENCY RESERVE, DISTRIBUTABLE RESERVE, FOREIGN CURRENCY RESERVE, FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVE, FOREIGN RESERVE, GENERAL RESERVE, GOLD RESERVE, LEGAL RESERVE, REVENUE RESERVE, NON-DISTRIBUTABLE RESERVE, UNDISTRIBUTABLE RESERVE

1 [C, usually pl.]

a supply of sth that is available to be used in the future or when it is needed:

large coal/gas/oil reserves

The company has substantial reserves of capital.

Soon the reserves of coal will be exhausted.

The goal is to create a reserve equivalent to 90 days of imports.

2 (Economics ) reserves [pl.]

the foreign currency, gold, etc. that is held by the central bank of a country:

Russia's gold and foreign currency reserves were $84.6 billion.

The euro will rival the dollar as the main currency for central bank reserves.

The debt was over twice the size of the country's reserves.

The WTO must consult the IMF when it deals with issues of monetary reserves.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES

3 (Accounting ) [C, usually pl.]

profits that a company has made and keeps as part of its capital and does not pay to shareholders:

The company has cash reserves of $88 million.

Their low reserves and large debts raised questions about their ability to survive.

CAPITAL RESERVE

4 (Accounting ) [C] (especially AmE)

money that is kept from a company's profits in order to deal with possible problems or expenses in the future:

The purpose of the reserve was to respond to emergencies.

The business will add $55 million in reserves to cover future lawsuits.

SYN PROVISION CAPITAL RESERVE

5 (Finance ) [C, usually pl.]

the amount of money that banks or similar institutions must keep to pay to customers when they ask for it. Most of this money is kept with the central bank.

SYN BANK RESERVES LEGAL RESERVE

6 (Commerce ) [C] (BrE) = RESERVE PRICE:

The painting failed to reach to its reserve and was withdrawn from the sale.

IDIOMS

in reserve

available to be used in the future or when needed:

The money was being kept in reserve for their retirement.

verb [+ obj]

1

to ask for a seat, table, room, etc. to be available for you or sb else at a future time:

I'd like to reserve a table for three for eight o'clock.

I reserved a ticket online.

Employees must call ahead to reserve a work space for the day.

BOOK

2

to keep sth so that it cannot be used by any other person or for any other reason:

privileges normally reserved for executives

The company said that it would reserve $3 million to cover legal costs.

There are no reserved parking spaces for the bosses.

3

to have or keep a particular power:

The company reserves the right to check the way employees use the Internet and email.

All rights reserved (= nobody else can publish or copy this material).

4

to not make a decision until you have all the evidence:

I'd prefer to reserve judgement (= not make a decision) until I know all the facts.


[Economics]
Part of the capital of a company, other than the share capital, largely arising from retained profit or from the issue of share capital at more than its nominal value. Reserves are distinguished from provisions in that for the latter there is a known diminution in value of an asset or a known liability, whereas reserves are surpluses not yet distributed and, in some cases (e.g. share premium account or capital redemption reserve), not distributable. The directors of a company may choose to earmark part of these funds for a special purpose (e.g. a reserve for obsolescence of plant). However, reserves should not be seen as specific sums of money put aside for special purposes as they are represented by the general net assets of the company. Reserves are subdivided into retained earnings (revenue reserves), which are available to be distributed to the shareholders by way of dividends, and undistributable reserves, which for various reasons are not distributable as dividends, although they may be converted into permanent share capital by way of a bonus issue.

[Electronics]
In multiple programming computer operations, to allocate memory areas and peripherals for a program.

[Finance]
An accounting entry that properly reflects contingent liabilities.

Examples

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  1. she kept me aloof by reserved gesture.
  2. i am sorry, that table is reserved.
  3. he was wary and reserved in his reaction.
  4. he has retreated to his former reserve.
  5. we accept your statement without reserve.

Related Words

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  3. reservation price meaning
  4. reservatory meaning
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  6. reserve account meaning
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  8. reserve aircraft meaning
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PC Version