refugee meaning

[ ˌrefju(:)'dʒi: ] Pronunciation:   "refugee" in a sentence
Noun: refugee  `refyû'jee
  1. An exile who flees for safety

Derived forms: refugees

Type of: exile, expat, expatriate

Encyclopedia: Refugee


[Defence]
A person who, by reason of real or imagined danger, has left their home country or country of their nationality and is unwilling or unable to return.
See also dislocated civilian; displaced person; evacuee; expellee; stateless person.
(JP 3-07.6)

[Law]
Any person who is outside any country of such person's nationality or, in the case of a person having no nationality, is outside any country in which such person last habitually resided, and who is unable or unwilling to return to, and is unable or unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of, that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular

social group, or political opinion. 8 USC

Section 208(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (Act), 8 U.S.C. S 1158(a), gives the Attorney General discretion to allow political asylum to any alien the Attorney General determines to be a "refugee" within the meaning of section 101(a)(42)(A) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. S 101(a)(42)(A).

A refugee is defined as an alien unwilling to return to his or her country of origin "because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion." Id. To establish eligibility on the basis of a "well-founded fear of persecution," the alien's fear of persecution must be both subjectively genuine and objectively reasonable. Arriaga-Barrientos v. INS, 925 F.2d 1177, 1178 (9th Cir. 1991). "The objective component requires a showing by credible, direct, and specific evidence in the record, of facts that would support a reasonable fear of persecution." Id. at 1178-79. The applicant has the burden of making this showing. Fisher v. INS, 37 F.3d 1371, 1376 (9th Cir. 1994).

Section 243(h) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. S 1253(h), requires the Attorney General, subject to certain exceptions, to withhold deportation "if the Attorney General determines that such alien's life or freedom would be threatened . . . on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion." Courts have held that an alien is statutorily eligible for such relief if he or she demonstrates a "clear probability of persecution." Arriaga-Barrientos, 925 F.2d at 1178. This standard is generally more stringent than the "well-founded fear " standard applicable to requests for asylum, and can be met only by showing that it is more likely than not that the alien will be persecuted if deported. Acewicz v. INS, 984 F.2d 1056, 1062 (9th Cir. 1993). Therefore, failure to satisfy the lesser standard of proof required to establish eligibility for asylum necessarily results in a failure to demonstrate eligibility for withholding of deportation as well. Arriaga-Barrientos, 925 F.2d at 1180.

[Medicine]
Persons fleeing to a place of safety,especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race,religion,or political belief. (Webster,3d ed)

Examples

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  1. refugees crossed the border in full spate.
  2. he was berthing below with the refugees.
  3. a second was the occasional flood of refugees.
  4. it was blotted out by the refugees.
  5. the political refugees are more acute problem now.

Related Words

  1. refueling meaning
  2. refuellable meaning
  3. refuelling meaning
  4. refuge meaning
  5. refuge area meaning
  6. refugee camp meaning
  7. refugee camps meaning
  8. refugee capital meaning
  9. refugees meaning
  10. refugium meaning
PC Version