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integrated circuit meaning

  "integrated circuit" in a sentence
  • Noun: integrated circuit
    1. A microelectronic computer circuit incorporated into a chip or semiconductor; a whole system rather than a single component
      - microcircuit

    Derived forms: integrated circuits

    Type of: computer circuit

    Part of: chip, micro chip, microchip, microprocessor chip, silicon chip

    Encyclopedia: Integrated circuit


  • [Business]
    noun [C]

    (IT )

    a small microchip that contains a large number of electrical connections and performs the same function as a larger circuit made from separate parts


  • [Electronics]
    Abbreviation, IC. A circuit whose components and connecting “wires” are made by processing distinct areas of a chip of semiconductor material, such as silicon. Classified according to construction (e.g., monolithic IC, thin-film IC, hybrid IC).

  • [Computer]
    <electronics> (IC, or "chip") A microelectronic semiconductor device consisting of many interconnected transistors and other components. ICs are constructed ("fabricated") on a small rectangle (a "die") cut from a Silicon (or for special applications, Sapphire) wafer. This is known as the "substrate". Different areas of the substrate are "doped" with other elements to make them either "p-type" or "n-type" and polysilicon or aluminium tracks are etched in one to three layers deposited over the surface. The die is then connected into a package using gold wires which are welded to "pads", usually found around the edge of the die.

    Integrated circuits can be classified into analogue, digital and hybrid (both analogue and digital on the same chip). Digital integrated circuits can contain anything from one to millions of logic gates - inverters, AND, OR, NAND and NOR gates, flip-flops, multiplexors etc. on a few square millimeters. The small size of these circuits allows high speed, low power dissipation, and reduced manufacturing cost compared with board-level integration.

    The first integrated circuits contained only a few transistors. Small Scale Integration (SSI) brought circuits containing transistors numbered in the tens. Later, Medium Scale Integration (MSI) contained hundreds of transistors. Further development lead to Large Scale Integration (LSI) (thousands), and VLSI (hundreds of thousands and beyond). In 1986 the first one megabyte RAM was introduced which contained more than one million transistors.

    LSI circuits began to be produced in large quantities around 1970 for computer main memories and pocket calculators. For the first time it became possible to fabricate a CPU or even an entire microprocesor on a single integrated circuit. The most extreme technique is wafer-scale integration which uses whole uncut wafers as components.

Examples

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  1. the modern successor to the transistor is the integrated circuit.
  2. today very accurate integrated circuit multipliers are available.
  3. a major step formed in miniaturization came with the integrated circuit.
  4. a further refinement in semiconductor technology is the integrated circuit.
  5. the extensive use of digital circuit has led to the development of integrated circuits.

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