histocompatibility antigen dna probes meaning

DNA probes specific for the human leukocyte antigen genes,which represent the major histocompatibility determinants in humans. The four known loci are designated as A,B,C,and D. Specific antigens are identified by a locus notation and number,e.g.,HLA-A11. The inheritance of certain HLA alleles is associated with increased risk for certain diseases (e.g.,insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus).

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