finite meaning

[ 'fainait ] Pronunciation:   "finite" in a sentence
Adjective: finite  fInIt
  1. Bounded or limited in magnitude or spatial or temporal extent 
  2. Of verbs; relating to forms of the verb that are limited in time by a tense and (usually) show agreement with number and person

See also: bounded, delimited, exhaustible, finitely, finiteness, impermanent, limited, mortal, tensed

Antonym: infinite

Encyclopedia: Finite

Pertaining to that which has defined limits.
finite sample space In statistics, a sample space having definite limits.

1. <theory> (Or "finite", "isolated") In domain theory, an element d of a cpo D is compact if and only if, for any chain S, a subset of D,

 d <= lub S => there exists s in S such that d <= s. 
I.e. you always reach d (or better) after a finite number of steps up the chain.

("<=" is written in LaTeX as \sqsubseteq).

2. <jargon> Of a design, describes the valuable property that it can all be apprehended at once in one's head. This generally means the thing created from the design can be used with greater facility and fewer errors than an equivalent tool that is not compact. Compactness does not imply triviality or lack of power; for example, C is compact and Fortran is not, but C is more powerful than Fortran. Designs become non-compact through accreting features and cruft that don't merge cleanly into the overall design scheme (thus, some fans of Classic C maintain that ANSI C is no longer compact).


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  1. normal cells show a finite life span.
  2. every open covering of x has a finite sub-covering.
  3. the finite size of real particles compounds the difficulty.
  4. a finite amount of heat is absorbed by the gas during this process.
  5. this type of approximation is made at a finite number of points.

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