disability meaning

[ ˌdisə'biliti ] Pronunciation:   "disability" in a sentence
Noun: disability  `disu'bilitee
  1. The condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
    "reading disability"
    - disablement, handicap, impairment

Derived forms: disabilities

See also: disabled

Type of: softness, unfitness

Encyclopedia: Disability


[Architecture]

According to the Americans with Disabilities Act, a legally specified incapacity or disqualification.


[Business]
noun (plural disabilities)

1 [C]

a physical or mental condition that means that you cannot use a part of your body completely or easily or carry out some normal day-to-day activities:

making computers easier to use for people with disabilities

Almost all of the company's employees have a physical disability.

2 [U]

the state of not being able to use a part of your body completely or easily or carry out some normal day-to-day activities:

He qualifies for help on the grounds of disability.

Small employers need support to comply with disability legislation (= that states that people with a disability must not be treated less fairly than others).

3 [U,C]

the state of not being able to work because of an injury or an illness; the injury or illness itself:

insuring against unemployment and disability

people on disability benefit(s)/pensions

4 [U] (AmE)

money that is paid to sb who cannot work because of an injury, illness, etc:

He had back surgery and has been on disability since 2003.

She lives on her monthly disability check.


[Law]
The want of legal capacity to do a thing.

Persons may be under disability: 1. To make contracts; 2. To bring actions.

Those who want understanding; as idiots, lunatics, drunkards, and infants or freedom to exercise their will, as married women, and persons in duress; or who, in consequence of their situation, are forbidden by the policy of the law to enter into contracts, as trustees, executors, administrators, or guardians, are under disabilities to make contracts.

The disabilities to sue are: 1. Alienage, when the alien is an enemy; 2. Coverture; unless as co-plaintiff with her hushand, a married woman cannot sue; 3. Infancy; unless he appears by guardian; 4. That no such person as that named has any existence. By the law of England there are other disabilities such as: 1. Outlawry; 2. Attainder; 3. Praemunire; 4. Popish recusancy; 5. Monachism.

In the acts of limitation it is provided that persons lying under certain disabilities, such as being non compos, an infant, in prison, or under coverture, shall have the right to bring actions after the disability shall have been removed. In the construction of this saving in the acts, it has been decided that two disabilities shall not be joined when they occur in different persons; as, if a right of entry accrue to a feme covert, and during the coverture she die, and the right descends to her infant son. But the rule is otherwise when there are several disabilities in the same person; as, if the right accrues to an infant, and before he has attained his full age, he becomes non compos mentis; in this case he may establish his right after the removal of the last disability.
   

[Medicine]
n pl -ties
1 : the condition of being disabled
2 : inability to pursue an occupation because of physical or mental impairment

Examples

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  1. his disability prevents him from holding a job.
  2. buster retired on disability.
  3. a good deal of disability and grief could be avoided.
  4. there was severe permanent disability among the survivors.
  5. he had been wounded in the civil war and had never received his disability pension.

Related Words

  1. dis(s) (on) so meaning
  2. dis- meaning
  3. dis. meaning
  4. disa meaning
  5. disa-lo meaning
  6. disability benefit meaning
  7. disability check meaning
  8. disability discrimination meaning
  9. disability evaluation meaning
  10. disability evaluations meaning
PC Version