demand meaning

[ di'mɑ:nd ] Pronunciation:   "demand" in a sentence
Verb: demand  di'mãnd
  1. Request urgently and forcefully
    "The victim's family is demanding compensation"; "The boss demanded that he be fired immediately"; "She demanded to see the manager" 
  2. Require as useful, just, or proper
    "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
    - necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, take, involve, call for 
  3. Claim as due or just
    "The bank demanded payment of the loan"
    - exact 
  4. Lay legal claim to 
  5. Summon to court 
  6. Ask to be informed of
    "I demand an explanation"
Noun: demand  di'mãnd
  1. An urgent or peremptory request
    "his demands for attention were unceasing" 
  2. The ability and desire to purchase goods and services
    "the automobile reduced the demand for buggywhips"; "the demand exceeded the supply" 
  3. Required activity
    "there were many demands on his time"
    - requirement 
  4. The act of demanding
    "the kidnapper's exorbitant demands for money" 
  5. A condition requiring relief
    "there is a demand for jobs"
    - need

Derived forms: demanded, demanding, demands

See also: demander

Type of: activity, bespeak, call for, cite, claim, condition, duty, economic process, obligation, petition, postulation, quest, request, responsibility, status, summon, summons

Antonym: supply

Encyclopedia: Demand


The electric load on a system, integrated over a specific time interval; usually expressed in watts or kilowatts.


The volume of gas per unit time (usually expressed in cubic feet per hour or liters per second) or the amount of heat (usually expressed in Btu per hour or megajoules per hour) required for the operation of one or more gas appliances.


The rate of flow of water, usually expressed in gallons per minute (liters per second), furnished by a water supply system to various types of plumbing fixtures and water outlets under normal conditions.

AmE / noun, verb



1 [U,C]

the desire or need of customers for goods or services which they want to buy or use:

Demand for new cars has fallen.

a sharp fall in car demand

The plant has increased production in order to meet demand.

Demand for the aircraft has outstripped (= has been greater than) supply.

The price is determined by the balance between demand and supply.

Traders reported a strong demand from investors.

The movie has created a huge demand for the books and related products.

She blamed the company's failure on weak global demand.

SUPPLY noun (3)

demand falls/drops/slows down/weakens demand grows/picks up/recovers/rises to meet/keep up with/satisfy demand

◆ to boost/create/increase/reduce/stimulate demand

◆ demand outstrips/exceeds supply

◆ (a) strong/growing/huge/rising demand

◆ (a) declining/falling/poor/low/weak demand

domestic/external/global/world demand

consumer/investor/market demand

2 [C]

a very firm request for sth; sth that sb needs or asks for:

Management has rejected the union's demand for a 40 per cent pay rise.

The firm is struggling to satisfy the demands of its shareholders.

❖ to accept/agree to/meet/reject/satisfy a demand

3 [C]

a written request to pay money that is owed:

You will receive a demand for the extra tax owing.

❖ to get/ignore/issue/receive a demand


on demand


as soon as requested:

The loan is repayable on demand.

2 (usually used with a noun)

when you want it:

The company website offers employees information on demand.

on-demand computing

verb [+ obj]

to ask for sth very firmly:

She demanded an apology from him.

They are demanding €1.6 million in compensation.

I demand to see the manager.

The strikers have demanded that the president resign.

Bondholders are demanding the group restructure its finances.

The quantity of a good or service that people want to buy. The demand function relates demand to the factors determining it: these include customers' incomes, the good's own price and the prices of competing goods and of other goods in general; factors affecting the demand of individuals, for example their family circumstances; and factors affecting demand at particular times, for example weather conditions. The demand curve relates the demand for a good to its own price, holding all other factors constant. Price elasticity of demand is the proportional increase in quantity demanded divided by the proportional reduction in price. Income elasticity of demand is the proportional increase in quantity demanded at a given price divided by the proportional rise in income. Aggregate demand is the total demand for goods and services in the economy. Effective demand is what is actually demanded, as contrasted with notional demand, which is what people would demand if all markets were in equilibrium. Effective demand thus excludes consumer goods people cannot afford to buy because they cannot get jobs, and investment spending for which firms cannot obtain finance. Demand management is the use of monetary and and fiscal policies to control the level of effective demand in the economy. Excess demand is the excess of the demand for a good or service over its supply, at its present price. Demand inflation occurs when price and wage increases are stimulated by perceptions of excess demand in the economy. Derived demand is the demand for a factor of production or an intermediate good, which depends on output of the final product.

See also:

aggregate demand, cross-elasticity of demand, derived demand, effective demand, excess demand, income elasticity of demand, and inelastic demand

See demand factor


More:   Next
  1. roderigo dashes in and demands her hand.
  2. good secretaries are always in demand.
  3. we must not give way to their demands.
  4. she is in favor of abortion on demand.
  5. the demand for these goods exceeds the supply.

Related Words

  1. demagogue meaning
  2. demagoguery meaning
  3. demagoguism meaning
  4. demagogy meaning
  5. deman meaning
  6. demand curve meaning
  7. demand deposit meaning
  8. demand deposits meaning
  9. demand draft meaning
  10. demand driven meaning
PC Version