compensation meaning

[ kɔmpen'seiʃən ] Pronunciation:   "compensation" in a sentence
  • Noun: compensation  `kómpun'seyshun
    1. Something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury) 
    2. (psychiatry) a defence mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors 
    3. The act of compensating for service or loss or injury
      - recompense

    Derived forms: compensations

    See also: compensate

    Type of: correction, defence [Brit, Cdn], defence mechanism [Brit, Cdn], defence reaction [Brit, Cdn], defense [US], defense mechanism [US], defense reaction [US], recompense, rectification

    Encyclopedia: Compensation

  • [Architecture]

    Payment for services rendered or products or materials furnished or delivered.


    Payment in satisfaction of claims for damages suffered.

  • [Business]
    AmE / noun [U,C]



    something, especially money, that sb gives you because they have hurt you, or damaged sth that you own; the act of giving this to sb:

    to pay compensation for injuries received at work

    She received $10 000 in compensation.

    The bank was judged to be liable for compensation payments to customers who received poor advice.


    ❖ to award/give/offer/pay compensation

    ◆ to accept/get/obtain/receive compensation

    ◆ to be eligible for/be entitled to/claim/demand/seek compensation

    2 (AmE)

    the money or other benefits that an employee receives for the work that they do:

    falling profits but rising employee compensation


    ❖ to get/give/pay/receive compensation

  • [Finance]
    Arrangement under which the delivery of goods to a party is paid for by buying back a certain amount of the product from the recipient of the goods.

  • [Law]
    The damages recovered for an injury, or the violation of a contract.

    Payment to an executor or trustee for services performed under a will or trust.

    Chancery Practice. The performance of that which a court of chancery orders to be done on relieving a party who has broken a condition, which is to place the opposite party in no worse situation than if the condition had not been broken.

    Courts of equity will not relieve from the consequences of a broken condition, unless compensation can be made to the opposite party.

    When a simple mistake, not a fraud, affects a contract, but does not change its essence, a court of equity will enforce it upon making compensation for the error. The principle upon which courts of equity act is by all the authorities brought to the true standard,that though the party had not a title at law because he had not strictly complied with the terms so as to entitle him to an action (as to time for instance), yet if the time, though introduced, as some time must be fixed, where something is to be done on one side as a consideration for something to be done on the other, is not the essence of the contract; a material object to which they looked in the first conception of it, even though the lapse of time has not arisen from accident, a court of equity will compel the execution of the contract upon this ground, that one party is ready to perform and that the other may have performance in substance if he will permit it.

    Contracts. A reward for services rendered. When two persons are equally indebted to each other there takes place a compensation between them which extinguishes both debts. Compensation is therefore, a reciprocal liberation between two persons who are creditors and debtors to each other, which liberation takes place instead of payment, and prevents a circuity. Or it may be more briefly defined as follows; compensatio est debiti et crediti intter se contributio.

    Compensation takes place, of course, by the more operation of law, even unknown to the debtors the two debts are reciprocally extinguished, as soon as they exist simultaneously, to the, amount of their respective sums. Compensation takes place only between two debts, having equally for their object a sum of money, or a certain quantity of consumable things of one and the same kind, and which are equally liquidated and demandable.

    Compensation takes place, whatever be the cause of either of the debts, except in case: 1st. of a demand of restitution of a tbing of which the owner has been unjustly deprived; 2d. of a demand of restitution of a deposit and a loan for use; 3d. of a debt which has for its cause, aliments declared not liable to seizure.

    Compensation is of three kinds: 1. legal or by operation of law; 2. compensation by way of exception; and, 3. by reconvention.

    Compensation very nearly resembles the set-off of the common law. The principal difference is this, that a set-off, to have any effect, must be pleaded; whereas compensation is effectual without any such plea, only the balance is a debt.

    Crim. Law. Compeusatio Crimiuura, Or Recrimination

    In cases of suits for divorce on the ground of adultery, a compensation of the crime hinders its being granted; that is, if the defendant proves that the party has also committed adultery, the defendant is absolved as to the matters charged in the libel of the plaintiff.


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  1. she is still pressing her claim for compensation.
  2. but all trials bring their compensations.
  3. the agitation for adjusted compensation redoubled.
  4. the owners of the hotel were held entitled to compensation.
  5. he urged the state to adopt accident compensation system.

Related Words

  1. compensating filter meaning
  2. compensating leads meaning
  3. compensating network meaning
  4. compensating variation meaning
  5. compensating wage differential meaning
  6. compensation 1 meaning
  7. compensation and redress meaning
  8. compensation balance meaning
  9. compensation filter meaning
  10. compensation for externalities meaning
PC Version