periodontal abscesses meaning
Localized circumscribed purulent area of inflammation in the periodontal tissue. It is a derivative of marginal periodontitis and commonly associated with suprabony and infrabony pockets and interradicular involvements,in contrast to periapical abscess which is attributable to pulp necrosis.
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- These include extension of retropharyngeal cellulitis or abscess, mediastinitis following esophagus perforation, and dental or periodontal abscess.
- The most common type of dental abscess is a periapical abscess, and the second most common is a periodontal abscess.
- A gingival retraction cord which is accidentally left " in situ " is an occasional cause of a periodontal abscess.
- Periodontal abscess can also occur after periodontal scaling, which causes the gums to tighten around the teeth and trap debris in the pocket.
- However, an untreated periodontal abscess may still cause the pulp to die if it reaches the tooth apex in a periodontic-endodontic lesion.