Noun: depression di'preshun
- A mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity
- A long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
- slump, economic crisis
- A sunken or depressed geological formation
- natural depression
- Sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy
- An air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
- A state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
- depressive disorder, clinical depression
- A concavity in a surface produced by pressing
- impression, imprint
- Angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
- Pushing down
"depression of the space bar on the typewriter"
- A period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
- Great Depression
Derived forms: depressions
See also: depress
Type of: affective disorder, age, air mass, angular position, concave shape, concavity, crisis, economic condition, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, formation, geological formation, historic period, incurvation, incurvature, major affective disorder, mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state, push, pushing, sadness, unhappiness
Part of: cyclone
Encyclopedia: Depression Depression, postpartum
1 (Economics ) [C,U]
a long period when there is little economic activity, many businesses fail and many people are poor or without jobs:
The collapse of investment and consumption can often lead to depression.
We have been through a global economic depression.
Is the country sliding into depression?
The central bank's actions may tip/pitch/push the country into depression.
fiscal and monetary errors that turned recession into depression
⇨ BOOM, RECESSION, SLUMP
❖ to sink into/slide into/tip sth into depression
◆ (a) full-scale/major/severe depression
◆ a depression deepens/ends
2 the Depression (also the Great Depression) [sing.]
the period from 1929 to 1934 when large numbers of people in the US and Europe were unemployed and poor because there was so little economic activity:
Output plunged during the Depression of the 1930s.
the lowering or reducing of sth:
a continued depression in travel demand
the depression of energy prices