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depression meaning

[ di'preʃən ]   Pronunciation:
Synonyms of "depression""depression" in a sentence
MeaningMobile
  • Noun: depression  di'preshun
    1. A mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity 
    2. A long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
      - slump, economic crisis 
    3. A sunken or depressed geological formation
      - natural depression 
    4. Sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy 
    5. An air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
      - low 
    6. A state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
      - depressive disorder, clinical depression 
    7. A concavity in a surface produced by pressing
      - impression, imprint 
    8. Angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object) 
    9. Pushing down
      "depression of the space bar on the typewriter"
    Noun: Depression
    1. A period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
      - Great Depression

    Derived forms: depressions

    See also: depress

    Type of: affective disorder, age, air mass, angular position, concave shape, concavity, crisis, economic condition, emotional disorder, emotional disturbance, formation, geological formation, historic period, incurvation, incurvature, major affective disorder, mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state, push, pushing, sadness, unhappiness

    Antonym: elation

    Part of: cyclone

    Encyclopedia: Depression Depression, postpartum


  • [Business]
    noun

    1 (Economics ) [C,U]

    a long period when there is little economic activity, many businesses fail and many people are poor or without jobs:

    The collapse of investment and consumption can often lead to depression.

    We have been through a global economic depression.

    Is the country sliding into depression?

    The central bank's actions may tip/pitch/push the country into depression.

    fiscal and monetary errors that turned recession into depression

    BOOM, RECESSION, SLUMP

    ❖ to sink into/slide into/tip sth into depression

    ◆ (a) full-scale/major/severe depression

    ◆ a depression deepens/ends

    2 the Depression (also the Great Depression) [sing.]

    the period from 1929 to 1934 when large numbers of people in the US and Europe were unemployed and poor because there was so little economic activity:

    Output plunged during the Depression of the 1930s.

    3 [sing.]

    the lowering or reducing of sth:

    a continued depression in travel demand

    the depression of energy prices


  • [Economics]
    = slump

    An extended or severe period of recession. Depressions occur infrequently. The most recent Great Depression occurred in the 1930s; prior to that they occurred in the periods 1873-96, 1844-51, and 1810-17. Depressions are usually associated with falling prices (see deflation)

    and large-scale involuntary unemployment. They are often preceded by major financial crashes, e.g. the Wall Street crash of 1929.


  • [Finance]
    Period when excess aggregate supply overwhelms aggregate demand, resulting in falling prices, unemployment problems, and economic contraction.

  • [Medicine]
    Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders. n
    1 : a displacement downward or inward ‹depression of the jaw›
    2 : an act of depressing or a state of being depressed: as
    a (1) : a state of feeling sad (2) : a psychoneurotic or psychotic disorder marked esp. by sadness, inactivity, difficulty with thinking and concentration, a significant increase or decrease in appetite and time spent sleeping, feelings of dejection and hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal thoughts or an attempt to commit suicide
    b : a reduction in functional activity, amount, quality, or force ‹depression of autonomic function› ‹depression of erythrocytes and platelets›
Examples
  • The economy slid from recession to depression.
  • The rain collected in several depressions.
  • She just sat there, sunk in depression.
  • He committed suicide during a bit of depression.
  • It forms a major structural depression.
  • She goes out to battle against depression.
  • Economic depression was stalking the continent.
  • Inbreeding depression may result.
  • During a depression money circulates slowly.
  • To be sad or gloomy means to have a case of depression.
  • More examples:  1  2  3  4  5
What is the meaning of depression and how to define depression in English? depression meaning, what does depression mean in a sentence? depression meaningdepression definition, translation, pronunciation, synonyms and example sentences are provided by eng.ichacha.net.